The electric scooters (“e-scooter”), among other players in the micro-mobility market, remain to be in demand since they attract users for short distance travels and offer an environmentally friendly option open for innovations. However, rapid increase of e-scooters in public spaces is borne multiple legal obstacles including the safety of e-scooter users, pedestrians, and traffic flow. In furtherance, Turkey has recently issued the Regulation on Electric Scooters (“Regulation”), covering multiple areas in relation to the use of e-scooters in public areas such as e-scooter applications, authorization of operators, and major safety rules.

E-scooter Operations and Authorization Processes of Operators



Beyaz Saray, Eylül 2020'de Uluslararası Ceza Mahkemesi (“ICC”) ile ilgili kısıtlama yaptırımlarına izin veren ve ICC’nin başsavcısı ve SDN listesi kapsamına alınmış başka bir gerçek kişi yetkilisi aleyhine uygulanan yaptırımların kaldırılmasına izin veren başkanlık emrinin iptal edildiğini duyurmuştur. ABD Dışişleri Bakanlığı tarafından yapılan açıklamaya göre, Biden yönetimi tarafından Trump döneminden alınan önlemlerin ‘isabetsiz ve verimsiz’ olduğunu belirtilmiştir.

İlaveten, ABD Adalet Bakanlığı tarafından New York’ta ABD yaptırımlarını ihlal ederek İran asıllı bir ithalatçıya Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri üzerinden 350,000.00 USD’lik tutarı aşan kozmetik ürün satmakla suçlanan bir kişinin tutuklandığını ve aleyhine iddianame düzenlendiğini duyurulmuştur.


ABD Hazine Bakanlığı Yabancı Varlıkları Kontrol…

Turkey’s Social Security Institution (“SGK”) has recently made certain changes in relation to termination notifications of labor contracts made to the SGK. In furtherance of the latest update, employers will have to notify SGK on how the employee acted in immoral, dishonorable, or malicious conduct or other similar behavior causing the termination of the labor contract, by entering the appropriate exit code in SGK’s official online system.


Accordingly, if a labor contract is terminated, it should immediately be reported to SGK in Turkey. This notification must be made by the employer or the employer’s representative. When notifying SGK, the…

Turkey’s Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency (“BDDK”) has recently issued the Regulation on Remote Identification Methods to Be Used by Banks and Establishing Contracts in Electronic Environment (“Regulation”), which will be applicable as of May 1, 2021 which enables all banking operations to be conducted electronically.

Accordingly, the Regulation aims to determine the procedures and principles regarding remote identification methods that can be used by banks in acquiring new customers and banking services to be offered after the identification of the customer. …

Turkey’s Personal Data Protection Board (“Board”) in its latest ruling, examined a complaint filed against the data controller airline company asserting that a short message was sent to data subject’s mobile phone although no flight ticket was booked by him/herself. In furtherance of significant considerations, the Board resolved that no necessary action to be taken against the data controller airline company.

Background on Complaint

A data subject filed a complaint against the data controller airline company (“Airline Company”) asserting that a short message was sent to its mobile phone by the Airline Company on July 1, 2019 regarding an information…

A new regulation reinforcing trust in scientific studies on food products passed by the European Parliament (“Parliament”) and Council (“Council”) of the EU, which will be applicable as of 27 March, 2021. The new rules (“Regulation”) are aimed at bolstering the transparency of the EU risk assessment regarding food and covering a wide range of products of great concern for citizens. Within the rules, European Food Safety Authority (“Authority-EFSA”) grasps the chance to improve its ability to carry out its risk assessments in accordance with the highest transparency standards.

What does the Regulation bring?

The Regulation stipulates that food law…

On March 25, 2021, Turkish online delivery company (“Yemeksepeti A.Ş.”) notified that their user database is attacked by unidentified cyber hacker(s), therefore a security breach occurred. Thereby sharing this situation as a public announcement on official social media accounts, Yemeksepeti A.Ş. added that some of the account information of its users was captured by cyber hackers.

According to the explanation of Yemeksepeti A.Ş., the user information captured by hackers is: (i) name and surname, (ii) date of birth, (iii) telephone numbers registered in Yemeksepeti, (iv) e-mail addresses registered in Yemeksepeti, (v) registered home and work address information on Yemeksepeti and…

Digital finance and cryptocurrencies pose material sanction risk to institutional digital asset custody, trading, and finance companies as those are generally weak in speed of the market to prevent companies and entities in sanctioned jurisdictions.

Should the use of cryptocurrency to avoid sanctions designed to isolation and to facilitate illicit activities many OFAC will probably announce complex sanctions regimes and continue to enforce actions against individuals and entities.

Our upcoming webinar will be focusing on OFAC regimes, recent developments, risk, and compliance on sanctions to coinbase transactions and digital assets.

Date: 29 April 2021

Time: 11:00–12:00, Istanbul (GTM+3)

Register our webinar:

Turkish Regional Courts of Appeal (“the Court”) has recently resolved that digital accounts, digital wallets, cryptocurrency, and all kinds of data with tangible and intangible value in digital storage areas are considered as “digital heritage”. The decision has considered that heritage is a whole with its assets and liabilities including digital assets, whilst including certain issues regarding the right to privacy of the legator. Since the importance of digital assets increase depending on the continuous development of the digital world, the considerations of this decision may likely shed a light on the legal studies in this field.

The Dispute and…

Turkish Medicines and Medical Devices Agency (“TITCK”) has published an updated Guideline on Standard Work Methods of Clinical Research and Bioavailability/Bio-equivalency Studies Ethics Committees, with the purpose to provide supplementary guidance to the current Declaration of Helsinki, the relevant Turkish legislation and good clinical practice principles.

The Guideline includes methods to build ethics committees and appointment of committee members, work procedures and principles, duties and authorities of ethical committees along with principles regarding applications to ethics committees and evaluation methods regarding applications.

Accordingly, in case an ethical committee breaches standard work method principle, such committee would be warned and if…

HERDEM Attorneys at Law

HERDEM is an Istanbul based law firm that provides highest quality, partner led and timely responsive legal services to itsinternational corporate clients.

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